As a parent you must encourage your child to talk at this age. Spend time reading with her/him . Looking at picture books and pointing out familiar objects will help her/him to store the information for the future.
By playing out a familiar scene such as cooking, you will encourage your child to use her/his imagination. Let your child be the chef, giving her/him ‘safe’ kitchen implements such as plastic mixing bowl, manual eggbeater, spoon and strainer.
It may not be until after your child’s second birthday that s/he can actually pretend to be someone else, however by this time, you could experiment with role-play. For instance, you can pretend to be a dog and your child the owner. This builds confidence in the child when they are the ‘strong’ one and an adult is small and helpless.
Outdoor toys that help gross motor movements such as swing sets or climbing frames are age appropriate.
It’s equally important to encourage your child to practice her/his fine motor skills and discover their creative side. You should have plenty of paints, brushes, non-toxic crayons and paper around.
Praise is especially important. Your positive feedback will help to build your child’s self-esteem and confidence.
At this stage, the child is not mature enough to know how to be empathetic or gentle enough to be careful with the family pet. Do not leave your child alone with a pet no matter how much you trust the animal.
Breastfeeding helps maintain and strengthen the bonding of the child and mother, as well as support feelings of confidence. If you are still breastfeeding your child, do not feel any pressure to wean the child.
Try to establish a routine for napping, eating and going to bed to make her/him feel more secure and in control.
Praise your child when you see her/him offering a toy to a friend or a baby. Show that you share things yourself and use words that help your child understand what it means.
Be prepared for spontaneous hugs and kisses whenever your child urges to show you that s/he loves you.
Incorporate reading of books in the everyday routine.
As a parent you must give your child the opportunity to negotiate when they are in conflict with other children, but be ready to step in if needed. Keep your replies short, sharp and to the point.
Broaden your child’s diet this month and make meals they have not been exposed to before.